Photo by K. Johanna Viitanen
Well well well, there is endless interest in the tölt.  After all,
that's the primary thing that makes the Icelandic's so great, besides
the other 102 good reasons for loving icey's!
Tölt I.  
FootFall. 
By Arnthrudur Heimisd
 
In Iceland we talk about three types of tölt: 

Clean tölt (tölt or hreint tölt), with perfect four-beat.  The beat you hear is 
 

1-2-3-4-1-2-3-4-1-2-3-4 
 
as each of the four legs step down. 
 
1=left hind foot 2 = left front foot 3 = right hind foot 4=right front foot.
 
Trot-tölt (brokk-tölt), where you hear two-beat even though the horse is tölting.  It becomes more up-and-down to sit on, and it's a mixture between tölt and trot.  The horse wants to trot 
and does it if given free reins when brokk-tölting. Then the beat is still four beat, but nearer trot, you hear 
1--2-3--4-1--2-3--4-1--2-3--4
 
Pacy tölt (bundið tölt or skeidtölt), where you hear two-beat even though the horse is tölting.  It becomes more from side-to-side to sit on, and its a mixture between tölt and pace.  The beat is still four beat, but nearer pace, you hear 
 
1-2--3-4--1-2--3-4--1-2--3-4

You can think of the gaits as being on one fluid line, with trot and pace on each extreme: 
 

_____________________________________
trot        trot-tolt      clean tolt    pacy tolt    pace
 
When a horse is doing clean tolt, it is doing the same footfall as in walk.  The difference is that in walk a horse is standing on 3 feet when a horse is standing on only 1 foot in tolt. 
 
Other faults in tolt include 
A small hop in one of the front legs, as a horse is getting nearer canter, then the beat is 
 
 1-2-3-hop4-1-2-3-hop4
Another fault is vixl, when a horse mixes gaits in such a way that the horse tolts, but because of tension it does a mix and it feels like it is jumping an inch in in loose air for a split second an 
then it tolts again.  The footfall there is very complicated and I'll spare you an explanation, as it is rather rare. 
 
Piggy-pace (lull) where the horse is pacing, but so slow that you want the horse to tolt, not pace.  The horse is very stiff in movements doing this and you are thrown from side to side in the 
saddle. 
 
 
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