||The American Saddlebred was developed
as a pleasure and using animal, however most admirers of the Saddlebred
love the beautiful show horses. American Saddlebreds have been successful
in most equine disciplines from cow horses to jumpers, dressage to carriage
horses. When trained properly, Saddlebreds are capable of almost any task
they are asked to perform and they do it with style unique to the breed.
The average height is 15 to 16 hands and the average
weight 1,000 to 1,200 pounds. All colors are acceptable; the most prominent
are chestnut, bay, brown and black, with some gray, roan, palomino and
pinto. Saddlebreds are either three gaited (walk, trot and canter) or five
gaited (with the additional gaits being the smooth, four beat gaits of
the rack and "slow gait").
|American Walking Pony
Missouri Fox Trotter
|The Missouri Fox Trotting horse was developed
primarily from saddle horses and light harness horses in the Ozarks. Fox
Trotters has been used by hunters and forest rangers by ranchers to work
cattle and on Hollywood movies.
The Missouri Fox Trotting Horse should stand 14
to 16 hands in height. The three natural gaits characteristic of the Missouri
Fox Trotting Horse are the flat walk, fox trot and canter.
||The Crackers take their name from the whip "crackers"
who herded and penned wily Spanish cattle, this breed developed in Florida
primarily as cow ponies. Similar in heritage and size to Paso Finos, etc.,
many Crackers have a running walk or a single foot rack.
|Gaited Morgan Horses
||Morgan type and conformation which does not depart
form the AMHA standard of Perfection, substance, temperament, and beauty,
in a gaited horse. Performing a singlefoot gait including the possibility
of all four beat gaits, i.e. running walk, rack, stepping pace and foxtrot.
Unofficial breed estimates state that from 15
to 20% of all Morgans perform some sort of intermediate gait!
||A gaited mule is any mule that has a smooth gait
other than a walk, and one which is distinct from a trot.
||They were used as buffalo running horses by Native
Americans, the Curly Horse has been seen to participate in Barrel Racing,
Pole Bending, Western Riding, Reining, Gymkhana Events, Hunter, Jumper,
Roping, English Equitation, Western Pleasure, Gaited Pleasure Competitive
and Endurance Trail Riding, Dressage and Driving.
The Curly is a rare breed of non-allergenic horse
that transmits the curly characteristic to its offspring about fifty percent
of the time, they can completely shed out the mane hair (and sometimes
even the tail hair) each summer, to grow back during the winter.
Another trait that is unique to the Native American Curly is that many
of them have "Medicine Marks" which are roan spots or small black spots.
Curly's appear in all common horse colors including
Appaloosa and Pinto. Physically they are of medium size, and the
gait they perform is a type of running walk.
||Icelantics were developed for transportation
and travel and as a working horse, but is now recognized as a unique sport
and family horse.
The average height is between 13 and 14 hands
with an average weight of between 330 and 380 kg. All colors are
found except appaloosa marking, with the most common being chestnut
.All white markings are acceptable and there are pinto in all of the base
In addition to the standard walk, trot and canter,
the Icelandic horse has tolt, a “running walk”. There are somewhere near
80,000 horses in Iceland, and 100,000 outside Iceland.
|North American Singlefooting
||The North American Single-Footing Horse Association
was started as a performance based registry. The use of Narragansett type
gaited horses (known for their speed in gait) combined with heavy use of
the Spanish style gaited stock for improved lateral flexibility for ranch
use, is producing a type not found in other gaited breeds.
||The Mangalarga Marchador is the National Horse
of Brasil. Most colors are represented in the breed, with grays, bays,
and chestnuts being predominant.
The Mangalarga Marchador is between 14.2 and 16
hands, weighing around 1,000 pounds. Horses smaller than 14.2 hands
are not being accepted for registration.
There are two different marcha types. Of
the two marchas, the marcha picada is a bit smoother. It is a broken pace
and therefore creates little vertical movement, similar to the Paso Fino
corto or Largo, and has also been compared to the Peruvian Paso Llano.
The Marcha Batida is a diagonal four beat gait, similar to the Trocha in
the Paso Fino breed.
McCurdy Plantation Horse
||In the late 1800's, the Ed S. McCurdy family
of Lowndesboro, Alabama began to breed these horses. McCurdy horse are
known for a calm, intelligent disposition plus a natural smooth gait. Many
exhibit natural "cow savvy" and cowherding instincts.
Ky. Mountain Saddle Horses
Rocky Mountain Horses
The Mountain Pleasure Horse
|Ky. Mountain Saddle Horses
The Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse has been bred
in the hills of Kentucky for over 200 years. How the Kentucky Mountain
Saddle Horse got its original start is still a great mystery, but for centuries
the mountain people of Kentucky bred for a smooth even four beat gait,
temperament, disposition and for a horse that could be self sufficient.
Rocky Mountain Horses
The Rocky Mountain Registry was established in
1986, to preserve the lineage of the easy temperament and smooth singlefoot
gaited offspring of Old Tobe, the foundation sire of the breed. They
are used to work cattle and are exhibited as show horses as well as pleasure
mounts for trail.
Rocky Mountain Horses are between 14.2 and 16
hands. Solid body color with no white above the knee or hock, or excessive
white markings on the face. Chestnut, bay and black can be seen in the
breed with silver dapple, chocolate colored horse with the near-white mane
and tail commonly found in the Rocky Mountain Horse.
The Mountain Pleasure Horse
The Mountain Pleasure Horse is the old-time gaited
breed of horse that existed in Kentucky 160 years ago and from which selective
breeders developed the Tennessee Walking Horses, American Saddlebred Horses
and more recently Rocky Mountain Horses. Long before these other
gaited breeds were in existence, a particular type of horse was being bred
on the steep hillsides to work the fields and "ride the best". The
Mountain Pleasure Horse quietly existed in the mountains of Eastern Kentucky
where the Breeders maintained the old-time horse, by selecting for their
basic criteria-- GAIT and DISPOSITION
|Part Walking Horses
||The Part Walking Horse is 1/2, 3/4, 7/8 or a
Purebred Tennessee Walkers whose sire or dam was not bloodtyped.
They come in all colors and pattern, and are used for work, show and pleasure.
The Part Walking Horse is used in most All Breed
and Gaited Horse Shows and some Tennessee Walking Horse shows.
||Paso Fino originated in Peru, Puerto Rico, Venezuela,
Dominican Republic, Cuba and Columbia. The native peoples of these countries
have great pride in the appearance of their horses and execution of gait
so they breed to enhance these characteristics.
Paso Fino mature between 13.2 and 15.2 hands tall.
All colors can be found with bay, black, brown, buckskin, chestnut, dun,
gray, grulla, palomino, pinto and roan all accepted.
Paso Fino walk, gait and canter. The gait
is divided into three styles, the Classic Fino, the Corto and the Largo.
All three are even 4 beat footfall, with the pattern being LF hind, LF
Front, RT hind, RT Front , the same as the natural walk.
||Peruvian Pasos were developed as a safe and comfortable
mountable to traverse the rugged terrain of their native lands.
Peruvian Pasos mature between 14 and 15.2 hands
tall. Solid colors with dark skin are traditional, with bay, black,
brown, buckskin, chestnut, dun, gray, grulla, palomino and roan all accepted.
Abundant white markings and pink skin are undesirable.
The gaits of the Peruvian Paso are the flat walt,
the paso llano and the sobreandando. The peruvian Paso has an inborn trait
of termino, a swinging action of the front leg, from the shoulder
of the horse.
||The Racking Horse originated and was developed
from within the ranks of the pleasure Walking Horse. The Breed registry,
Racking HorseBreeders' Association of America, was established in 1971.
The "rack" of the Racking Horse is a bi-lateral four-beat gait which is
neither a pace nor a trot.
The Racking Horse is considered a "light" horse
in comparision with other breeds, averaging 15.2 hands high and weighing
1,000 pounds. Colors may be black, bay, sorrel, chestnut, brown, gray,
yellow and sometimes even spotted. It is the State horse of Alabama.
||The Spanish Jennet Horse Society is re-creating
the, now extinct, gaited horses of appaloosa and pinto patterning. The
Spanish Jennet was a horse of beauty, style, and refinement, blessed with
stamina, a smooth gait and splashed with a rainbow of colors and a multitude
of patterns. Refined Spanish appearance, typically 13.2 to 15.2 hands.
|Spotted Saddle Horses
||Spotted Saddle horses were developed as a saddle
horse in the Americas, currently participating in Reining, speed events
such as Barrel Racing, Pole Bending and Team Penning as well as Trail and
There are different registries, but all aggree
that a Spotted Saddle Horse must posses a white marking above it's hocks,
other than facial, and must perform a smooth, easy, non trotting gait to
be eligible for registration. The Spotted Saddle Horse comes in a
variety of colors and exhibits two main color patterns, tobiano and overo.
They are of medium size and weight, generally ranging in height from 13.3
to 16 hands and weighing from 900 to 1100 pounds.
||Standardbred horses range between 14.1h to 17h
in height. Standardbreds are usually bay, chestnut or brown with the occassional
grey, black or strawberry roan horses are found, as well.
They perform bothe the Pace and Trot in harness:
but the Standardbred also excels in a multitude of other equine disciplines.
||The Tennessee Walking Horse is considered one
of the light breeds of the equine family. Horses that were originally bred
by the farmers of Middle Tennessee who wanted to develop a breed of horse
that could work in the fields during the day, and give the owner a comfortable
Most Walking horses are multigaited, but the most
desirable gait is the runningwalk. TWH can flat-foot walk at speeds of
four to seven miles per hour. The running walk is a very smooth ground
covering eight to ten miles per hour. Walking Horses are born with the
ability to do other gaits in addition to the running walk. Some of these
gaits are the rack, pace, foxtrot, stepping pace, single-foot and other
variations of the famous running walk. The Tennessee Walking Horse is also
famous for their "rocking chair" canter, which is a collected gallop.
The Tennessee Walking Horses generally range from
14.3 to 17 hands (a hand being 4 inches) and weigh 900 to 1200 pounds.
Tennessee Walking Horses come in all colors and all patterns. Black, bay,
chestnut, palomino, buckskin roan and spotted patterns are often seen.
||The Tiger Horse is an ancient breed, once used
to hunt Siberian Tigers. Today in the USA efforts are underway to
bring the Tiger back by using contemporary 'gaited' or 'saddling'breeds
and crossing them on certain types of similar or gaited early Appaloosas
too establish a breed with phenotypic characteristics whose hallmark will
always be the presence of exotically colored individuals who also exhibit
a strong four beat gait.
The modern day American Tiger Horse is a strongly
built, moderately sized horse averaging 15.1 hands, with excellent legs
and feet making it an outstanding using animal, capable of performing in
many different disciplines.
||The Virginia Highlander is commonly a roan colored
horse, but chestnut, blacks and white horses are found in the breed as
well. There are over 50 registered Virginia Highlander Horses registered
with the breed registry. The Virginia Highlander Association was established
in 1991. They have good conformation and action, smooth gait and gentle
||Virginia Single-footers are known to be spirited,
fast, well gaited horses.
||After the founding of the Appaloosa Horse Club
in 1938, the gaited spotted horses were lumped with all other spotted horses
and called Appaloosas. However now the The Appaloosa Horse Club will, in
fact, no longer accept for Registration, any foal with Appaloosa coloring
and a parent from a "gaited" breed. The Walkaloosa registry has come into
being to preserve these animals.
The Walkaloosa 13 to 17 hands, 14.2 to 15.3 hands
being most typical. Weight 600 to 1,300 pounds. May be stout or refined
in build. They must show Appaloosa coloring and demonstrate an intermediate
gait, other than a trot or be the product of verifiable Appaloosa and gaited