||Missouri 5 Year old Peruvain Paso ridden in
a Bozal and Peruvian or western saddle in pasture fenced small field
area by intermediate to advanced rider.
Question: I need to teach a mare to side pass. I have been told
to put her in front of a fence, and picking a que to ask her to move.
Then like in backing reward for even the
first step and repeat. Do you have any other suggestion?
( I have done all her training so far)
From Panelist Lee
It is much easier to teach this exercise from the ground before
you do it
mounted. Start first with teaching her the turn on the forehand
easiest part of the whole thing.
Stand at her shoulder. Place your hand (either flat or as a fist)
her side, just behind where your upper calf would hang in the stirrup
a little to the rear of the girth). Lightly tip her nose toward
press into her side. She will move her hind legs over.
Praise her, then
repeat on the opposite side. Go on to something else, then repeat
or twice during the first lesson. Next, still standing at her
her to move her front legs over. This time, place your hand just
of where your calf would hang in the stirrup, and push lightly with
other hand on her neck, about where the rein would hang if you were
reining her. Ask her to move her front leg over one step.
repeat on the other side. Practice these exercises on the ground
for 6 or 7
lessons, until she yields over easily in response to the pressure from
hand. Next, ask her to yield her entire body to the side, with your
pressure at the grith and using light pressure from your rein
on her neck
to push her forequarters away from you. (still standing on the ground)
Practice until she will yield over easily from pressure in both
Now, get on her. Stand her square. Tip her nose to the side,
your leg, and ask for a turn on the forehand of about one step to the
She should have no trouble with this one. Sit straight in the
not lean in any direction. Reward her, walk forward, and stop
for a turn in the other direction, hind legs stepping over, away from
leg pressure, one step. Praise her and ride forward a few steps.
for the turn on the hindquarters -- this will be more difficult for
horses. Sit still, slightly weight your hipbone over the side you want
to turn toward. Press with your right leg and right rein to ask for
to the left of one step. Don't worry if she backs a step or two
goes to the side, this is normal. Reward her, then move forward
Stop, ask for a single step turn in the opposite direction. go
Gradually build on these one step turns so that she will make a 180
either front or hind legs without trouble (this may take a number of
sessions -- do not rush it)
Now, put the two exercises together. Ask for a one step turn on the
forehand, followed instantly by a one step turn on the hindquarters.
will give a sort of zig zag motion to the side). Practice over
lessons, then ask for the entire horse to move to the side, with your
the girth, and your indirect (neck) rein pushing against the center
neck, while your direct rein is quiet (no pressure from this rein unless
tries to walk forward, at which point a light pull and slack should
her to move sideways). Sit in the center of the saddle, do not
lean in the
direction of travel.
Why this instead of facing the horse to the wall? Because the
motion of the
horse, even when it is to the side, is better when it is "forward"
blocked. Develop energy, channel it to the side with your aids,
will have a smoother and more attractive side step. The horse
to be "dancing" to the side, not plodding dully sideways.